Rice is the staple food of some 5 billion of the world’s population. Situated mostly in the eastern part of the globe Southeast Asia is deemed as the rice granary of the world with Vietnam, Thailand, Indonesia, Myanmar, and the Philippines collectively producing most of the world’s annual rice output.
However, very few people know that the two largest producers of rice are not in Southeast Asia, but are in the east and south, respectively – China and India.
China is the world’s largest producer of rice while India is ranked second. Two countries with an estimated combined population of 3 billion people, these two countries are actually the REAL rice granaries of the world.
This list will help you find out the 10 states in India with the largest production of rice.
10.Karnataka – 40,000 metric tons
Around 3% of the annual rice output in India may be attributed to the state of Karnataka. 14,000 hectares of land are devoted solely to the production of rice and its variety of species – Rajabooga, Bangarasali, Bellary, Sana, Gajawali, and Jerasanna. The average rice yield is 2,700 kilogram per hectare and is grown primarily in the districts of Mangalore, Coorg, Belgaum, Udupi, Tumkur, Mysore, and Bellary.
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9.Assam – 45,000 metric tons
Rice is an important agricultural product in Assam, as it is the staple food if its inhabitants. Around 25,000 hectares of land are attributed for rice production and the average yield stands at 1,700 kilogram per hectare. The varieties of rice that is produced in Assam include Chokuwa, Joha, and Bora. Rice is consumed in large quantities in Assam, as in most states in India.
8.Odisha – 58,000 metric tons
Rice is a very important agricultural output in Odisha. Roughly 5% of the total rice output of India come from this state, which has devoted 65% of all its agricultural land solely for rice cultivation. With a yield of 1,400 kilograms per hectare, rice production continues to give food and income to many rice farmers in this eastern Indian state.
7.Chhattisgarh – 60,000 metric tons
Around 6% of the total rice produced in India come from this state. Its fertile soil allows for the production of many varieties of rice. Examples of which include Vandana, Aditya, Tulsi, Kranti, and Abhaya. 37,000 hectares of land are devoted for rice cultivation in this area.
6.Bihar – 72,000 metric tons
More than 33,000 hectares of land are devoted solely for rice cultivation in the state of Bihar. Blessed with fertile soil, a fairly stable climate, and lush vegetation, Bihar remains to be one of India’s most important agricultural states. The advent of modern agricultural technology only enhances the continued success of Bihar’s agricultural sector.
5.Tamil Nadu – 75,000 metric tons
Spread across 20,000 hectares of agricultural land, Tamil Nadu supplies 7% of the total rice output in India. With a yield of 4,000 kilograms per hectare, the state has the highest yield per hectare in all of India.
4.Punjab – 105,000 metric tons
Many people identify Punjab as a a wheat producing state. This is true but very few people know that the state is also the fourth largest producer of rice in the country. Planted in close to 30,000 hectares of agricultural land, Punjab is home to the world-renowned Basmati rice – famous for its aroma and taste. 10% of India’s rice production comes from Punjab.
3.Andhra Pradesh – 129,000 metric tons
12% of India’s total rice output come from this state. Varieties of rice grown in the area include Swarna, Tikanna, Kavya, Sannalu, and Pushkala – all spread across 130,000 hectares of agricultural land.
2.Uttar Pradesh – 140,000 metric tons
Contributing almost 15% of India’s rice output, this state grows various species of rice in almost 60,000 hectares of agricultural land. A good yield of 2,300 kilograms per hectare further enhances the rice cultivation success of this state.
1.West Bengal – 146,000 metric tons
More than 50% of the total arable land in this state has been devoted to rice cultivation, making West Bengal the undisputed leader in rice production. It is called the rice granary of India and the nucleus of its rice-growing industry.